20 March 2013 Fluorescence image-guided photodynamic therapy of cancer cells using a scanning fiber endoscope
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Abstract
A scanning fiber endoscope (SFE) and the cancer biomarker 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) were used to fluorescently detect and destroy superficial cancerous lesions, while experimenting with different dosimetry levels for concurrent or sequential imaging and laser therapy. The 1.6-mm diameter SFE was used to fluorescently image a confluent monolayer of A549 human lung cancer cells from culture, previously administered with 5 mM solution of 5-ALA for 4 hours. Twenty hours after therapy, cell cultures were stained to distinguish between living and dead cells using a laser scanning confocal microscope. To determine relative dosimetry for photodynamic therapy (PDT), 405-nm laser illumination was varied from 1 to 5 minutes with power varying from 5 to 18 mW, chosen to compare equal amounts of energy delivered to the cell culture. The SFE produced 500-line images of fluorescence at 15 Hz using the red detection channel centered at 635 nm. The results show that PDT of A549 cancer cell monolayers using 405nm light for imaging and 5-ALAinduced PpIX therapy was possible using the same SFE system. Increased duration and power of laser illumination produced an increased area of cell death upon live/dead staining. The ultrathin and flexible SFE was able to direct PDT using wide-field fluorescence imaging of a monolayer of cultured cancer cells after uptaking 5-ALA. The correlation between light intensity and duration of PDT was measured. Increased length of exposure and decreased light intensity yields larger areas of cell death than decreased length of exposure with increased light intensity.
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Mikias H. Woldetensae, Mark R. Kirshenbaum, Greg M. Kramer, Liang Zhang, Eric J. Seibel, "Fluorescence image-guided photodynamic therapy of cancer cells using a scanning fiber endoscope", Proc. SPIE 8576, Optical Fibers and Sensors for Medical Diagnostics and Treatment Applications XIII, 85760L (20 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2005556; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2005556
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