8 March 2013 Comparison between Bessel and Gaussian beam propagation for in-depth optogenetic stimulation
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Abstract
Optogenetics technology has opened new landscapes for neuroscience research. Due to its non-diffracting and selfhealing nature, Bessel beam has potential to improve in-depth optogenetic stimulation. A detailed understanding of Bessel beam propagation, as well as its superiority over commonly used Gaussian beam, is essential for delivery and control of light irradiation for optogenetics and other light stimulation approaches. We developed an algorithm for modeling Bessel beam propagation and then compared both beam propagations in two-layered mice brain under variance of multiple variables (i.e., wavelength, numerical aperture, and beam size). These simulations show that Bessel beam is significantly advantageous over Gaussian beam for in-depth optogenetic stimulation, leading to development of lessinvasive probes. While experimental measurements using single-photon Bessel-Gauss beam generated by axicon-tip fiber did not show improved stimulation-depth, near-infrared Bessel beam generated using free-space optics and an axicon led to better penetration than near-infrared Gaussian beam.
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Hector Tejeda, Ting Li, Samarendra Mohanty, "Comparison between Bessel and Gaussian beam propagation for in-depth optogenetic stimulation", Proc. SPIE 8586, Optogenetics: Optical Methods for Cellular Control, 85860G (8 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2005555; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2005555
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