21 February 2013 Spectroscopic optical coherence tomography with graphics processing unit based analysis of three dimensional data sets
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Spectroscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an extension of the standard backscattering intensity analysis of OCT. It enables depth resolved monitoring of molecular and structural differences of tissue. One drawback of most methods to calculate the spectroscopic data is the long processing time. Also systematic and stochastic errors make the interpretation of the results challenging. Our approach combines modern signal processing tools with powerful graphics processing unit (GPU) programming. The processing speed for the spectroscopic analysis is nearly 3 mega voxel per second. This allows us to analyze multiple B-Scans in a few seconds and to display the results as a three dimensional data set. Our algorithm contains the following steps in addition to the conventional processing for frequency domain OCT: a quality map to exclude noisy parts of the data, spectral analysis by short time Fourier transform, feature reduction by Principal Component Analysis, unsupervised pattern recognition with K-means and rendering of the gray scale backscattering OCT data which is superimposed with a color map that is based on the results of the pattern recognition algorithm. Our set up provides a spectral range from 650-950nm and is optimized to suppress chromatic errors. In a proof-of-principle attempt, we already achieved additional spectroscopic contrast in phantom samples including scattering microspheres of different sizes and ex vivo biological tissue. This is an important step towards a system for real time spectral analysis of OCT data, which would be a powerful diagnosis tool for many diseases e.g. cancer detection at an early stage.
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Volker Jaedicke, Volker Jaedicke, Semih Ağcaer, Semih Ağcaer, Sebastian Goebel, Sebastian Goebel, Nils C. Gerhardt, Nils C. Gerhardt, Hubert Welp, Hubert Welp, Martin R. Hofmann, Martin R. Hofmann, "Spectroscopic optical coherence tomography with graphics processing unit based analysis of three dimensional data sets", Proc. SPIE 8592, Biomedical Applications of Light Scattering VII, 859215 (21 February 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2000464; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2000464

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