22 February 2013 High-Q BBO whispering gallery mode resonators
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Abstract
We report an investigation on optical whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators made from non z-cut beta barium borate (BBO) crystals. We first fabricated high quality (Q) factor WGM resonators made of an angle-cut BBO crystal. Q factors of 1×108 level have been demonstrated at various wavelengths including UV. They led to new upper bounds for the absorption coefficients of BBO at 1560 nm, 980 nm and 370 nm. We observed only one set of ordinarily polarized WGMs with polarization rotating along the resonator circumference. We also fabricated xy-cut BBO WGM resonators, in which the optic axis is parallel to the resonator plane. In that case, two WGM families with different polarization exist, one with constant the other with oscillatory phase velocity. This enables a novel way of broadband phase matching in WGM resonators with cyclic gain. We experimentally demonstrated efficient second harmonic generation (SHG) to a wide harmonic wavelength range from 780 nm at near infrared to 317 nm in UV. It is also the first reported direct UV SHG in a high-Q WGM resonator. This work lays a foundation for further investigations of WGM properties of non-z cut birefringent resonators and their applications in nonlinear optics.
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Guoping Lin, Guoping Lin, Josef U. Fürst, Josef U. Fürst, Dmitry V. Strekalov, Dmitry V. Strekalov, Ivan S. Grudinin, Ivan S. Grudinin, Nan Yu, Nan Yu, } "High-Q BBO whispering gallery mode resonators", Proc. SPIE 8600, Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XV, 86000P (22 February 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2002748; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2002748
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