22 March 2013 Fiber laser based high-spectral resolution lidar for earth science measurements
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We present a special high spectral resolution lidar (HSRL) by using a novel tunable fiber based transmitter. The transmitter can produce 50μJ pulse energy at 1064nm and >25μJ pulse energy at 532nm with 10 kHz repetition rate, 5ns pulse width, respectively. A key advantage of the transmitter is the frequency-tunability. The laser can be tuned over the Iodine absorption lines from 1111 to 1104. The laser has a ~130MHz linewidth at 1064nm close to the transform limit linewidth ~ 88MHz for a pulse width of 5ns. Even though it was not frequency locked, the laser has very good frequency stability, which is on the order of ~200MHz over minutes. The beam quality M2 is less than 1.5. All the preliminary transmitter parameters meet the basic requirements of a HSRL. The transmitter was implemented in UMBC’s lidar lab that includes a ceiling hatch to enable vertical propagation and viewing of transmitted laser beams into the atmosphere. The atmospheric measurement demonstrates good agreement of the signal to the model Rayleigh decay over the profile range with no significant deviations. Most importantly, these results show that the measurement successfully suppresses the Mie scattering from clouds while recovering the full molecular signal as expected.
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Youming Chen, Youming Chen, Timothy Berkoff, Timothy Berkoff, Frank Kimpel, Frank Kimpel, Mark Storm, Mark Storm, Raymond Hoff, Raymond Hoff, Shantanu Gupta, Shantanu Gupta, "Fiber laser based high-spectral resolution lidar for earth science measurements ", Proc. SPIE 8601, Fiber Lasers X: Technology, Systems, and Applications, 86011R (22 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2005915; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2005915

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