15 March 2013 Liquid jet generated by thermocavitation bubbles within a droplet
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High-speed video imaging was used to study the dynamic behavior of cavitation bubbles induced by a continuous wave (CW) laser into highly absorbing droplets water containing copper nitrate (CuNO4). The droplet lays horizontally on a glass surface and the laser beam (λ=975 nm) propagates vertically from underneath, across the glass and into the droplet. This beam is focused ζ=400 μm above the glass-liquid interface in order to produce the largest bubble as possible (Rmax ~ 1mm). In our experiment the thermocavitation bubbles are always in contact with the substrate, taking a hemispherical shape, regardless of where the laser focal point is, as opposed to the other methods that involved nano and picosecond laser pulses, where bubbles may nucleate and grow within the bulk of the fluid. We focus on the liquid jet which emerges out the droplet at velocities of about 3 m/s, due to the acoustic pressure wave (APW) emitted immediately after the bubble collapse, and after it breaks up into a secondary droplet or droplets depending of the droplet’s volume, showing an alternative way of droplet generator that is simplest, light and cheaper. The dynamics of cavitation bubbles in confined geometries (drops) offers a rich hydrodynamic and the liquid jet generated after the bubble collapse could be used like acoustic waveguide, as was showed by Nicolas Bertin et. al.
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J. P. Padilla-Martinez, J. P. Padilla-Martinez, Darren Banks, Darren Banks, J. C. Ramirez-San-Juan, J. C. Ramirez-San-Juan, G. Aguilar, G. Aguilar, R. Ramos-Garcia, R. Ramos-Garcia, "Liquid jet generated by thermocavitation bubbles within a droplet", Proc. SPIE 8611, Frontiers in Ultrafast Optics: Biomedical, Scientific, and Industrial Applications XIII, 86111J (15 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2004686; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2004686

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