9 March 2013 Multi-hybrid instrumentations with smartphones and smartpads for innovative in-field and POC diagnostics
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Aim of the paper is the orientation of research and development on a completely new approach to innovative in-field and point of care diagnostics in industry, biology and medicine. Central functional modules are smartphones and/or smart pads supplemented by additional hardware apps and software apps. Specific examples are given for numerous practical applications concerning optodigital instrumentations. The methodical classification distinguishes between different levels for combination of hardware apps (hwapps) and software apps (swapps) with smartphones and/or smartpads. These methods are fundamental enablers for the transformation from stationary conventional laboratory diagnostics into mobile innovative in-field and point of care diagnostics. The innovative approach opens so far untapped enormous markets due to the convenience, reliability and affordability of smartphone and/or smartpad instruments. A highly visible advantage of smartphones and/or smartpads is the huge number of their distribution, their worldwide connectivity via cloud services and the experienced capability of their users for practical operations.
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Dietrich Hofmann, Dietrich Hofmann, Paul-Gerald Dittrich, Paul-Gerald Dittrich, Claudia Gärtner, Claudia Gärtner, Richard Klemm, Richard Klemm, "Multi-hybrid instrumentations with smartphones and smartpads for innovative in-field and POC diagnostics", Proc. SPIE 8615, Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems XI, 861508 (9 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2005885; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2005885

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