9 March 2013 An all-at-once factorial method to optimize dip-pen deposition of liquid protein inks
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Abstract
An all-at-once factorial method is presented, which optimizes protein ink deposition using microfabricated pens by identifying the pen design which writes the greatest number of uniform-size spots or droplets without re-inking. Pen features associated with capillary ink transport are varied according to statistical design-of-experiment (SDOE) principles, and evaluated using a special 1D pen array of twelve pens. Variable parameter pens are bracketed by control pens. Each pen array element embodies one component of the SDOE matrix. All parameters are evaluated simultaneously with a single droplet writing pass. Results can also be evaluated simultaneously, leading to rapid choice of those pen parameters which deliver the greatest number of printed features having the smallest coefficient of variation.
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A. K. Henning, A. K. Henning, S. Rozhok, S. Rozhok, J. Fragala, J. Fragala, R. Shile, R. Shile, K. Ouyang, K. Ouyang, } "An all-at-once factorial method to optimize dip-pen deposition of liquid protein inks", Proc. SPIE 8615, Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems XI, 861515 (9 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2004827; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2004827
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