9 March 2013 Low dead volume integrated separation columns and Fabry-Pérot sensors for micro-gas chromatography
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Abstract
We developed a monolithic subsystem that integrates a micro-gas chromatography (μGC) separation column and on-column, non-destructive Fabry-Pérot (FP) vapor sensors on a single silicon chip. The device was fabricated using deep reactive ion etching of silicon to create fluidic channels and polymers were deposited on the same silicon chip to act as a stationary phase or an FP sensor, thus avoiding dead volumes caused by the interconnects between the column and sensor traditionally used in μGC. Two integration designs were studied. In the first design, the μGC column was coated with a layer of polymer that served as both the stationary phase and the FP sensor, which has the greatest level of integration. In the second design, a FP sensor array spray-coated with different vapor sensing polymers was integrated with the μGC column, which significantly improves the system flexibility and detection sensitivity. With this design, we show that the FP sensors have a detection limit on the order of tens of picograms with a sub-second response time. Furthermore, FP sensor array are shown to respond to a mixture of analytes separated by the integrated separation channel, allowing for the construction of response patterns, which, along with retention time, can be used as a basis of analyte identification.
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Karthik Reddy, Karthik Reddy, Jing Liu, Jing Liu, Maung Kyaw Khaing Oo, Maung Kyaw Khaing Oo, Xudong Fan, Xudong Fan, } "Low dead volume integrated separation columns and Fabry-Pérot sensors for micro-gas chromatography", Proc. SPIE 8615, Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems XI, 861517 (9 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2003100; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2003100
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