13 March 2013 Liquid lens based on electrowetting: actual developments on larger aperture and multiple electrodes design for image stabilization or beam steering
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Abstract
This paper presents experimental results on several liquid lenses based on Electrowetting which are commercially available. It will be shown that larger aperture lenses are basically of the same optical quality than smaller lenses, sometimes reaching the diffraction limit, then opening new kind of applications areas for variable lenses in laser science. Regarding response time, actual performances of liquids lenses based on Electrowetting are presented and compared to a model simulating the internal fluid reorganization, seen as the main source of delay between electrical actuation and optical evolution of the lens. This simplified analytical model is supporting experimental results in various situations (focus and tilt variations), in static and dynamic regimes.
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Bruno Berge, Bruno Berge, Jérôme Broutin, Jérôme Broutin, Hilario Gaton, Hilario Gaton, Géraldine Malet, Géraldine Malet, Eric Simon, Eric Simon, Florent Thieblemont, Florent Thieblemont, } "Liquid lens based on electrowetting: actual developments on larger aperture and multiple electrodes design for image stabilization or beam steering", Proc. SPIE 8616, MOEMS and Miniaturized Systems XII, 861612 (13 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2006847; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2006847
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