In order to investigate the above mentioned regularities, we have synthesized and investigated ten molecular glassy organic compounds with three different fragments as main backbones of the molecules: indene-1,3-dione (WE-1, WE-2, WE-3), isophorene (IWK-1D, IWK-2M, IWK-2D) and pyranylidene (DWK-2TB, ZWK-2TB, JWK-2TB, ZWK-3AZO). Compounds containing isophorene fragment in their molecules had the highest NLO efficiencies (d33 up to 125.7 pm/V for IWK-2D) and also were the most effective holographic data storage compounds with holographic self diffraction efficiency 13% and holographic diffraction efficiency 20%, also for IWK-2D, but their thermal stability (Td from 288°C to 295°C) and glass transition (Tg from 90°C to 105°C) values were just average. Pyranylidene type compounds had the highest thermal stability and highest glass transition (Tg from 115°C to 180°C). But their ability to form and maintain amorphous structure were low and they had average NLO efficiencies (d33 up to 66.2 pm/V for ZWK-2TB) and average holographic self diffraction efficiency 2% and holographic diffraction efficiency 8% for ZWK-3AZO. The molecules with just azobenzene fragment and indene-1,3-dione as electron acceptor has the lowest thermal (Td from 250°C to 282°C, Tg from 70°C to 98°C) and also the lowest holographic properties with holographic diffraction and self diffraction efficiencies at 4% for WE-1 and lower for other compounds. Nevertheless, some of the investigated molecular glasses show potential as multifunctional optical materials.
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