6 March 2013 Silicon, silica, and germanium photonic integration for electronic and photonic convergence
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Proceedings Volume 8628, Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits XV; 862806 (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2006691
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2013, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
Silicon (Si) photonic wire waveguides provide a compact photonic platform on which passive, dynamic, and active photonic devices can be integrated. This paper describe the demonstrations of several kinds of integrated photonic circuits. The platform consists of Si wire, silicon-rich Si dioxide (SiOx) and Si oxinitride (SiON) waveguides for passive devices and a Si rib waveguide with a p-i-n structure and a germanium (Ge) device formed on Si slab for active devices. One of the key technologies for the photonic integration platform is low temperature fabrication because a back-end process with high temperature may damage active and electronic devices. To overcome this problem, we have developed electron cyclotron resonance chemical vapor deposition as a low-temperature deposition technique. Another key technology is polarization manipulation for reducing polarization dependence. A polarization diversity circuit is fabricated by applying Si wire and SiON integration. The polarization-dependent loss of the diversity circuit is less than 1 dB. Moreover we have developed several kinds of integrated circuit including passive, dynamic and active devices. Ge photodiodes are monolithically integrated with an SiOx-arrayed waveguide grating (AWG). We have confirmed that the operation speed of the integrated Ge photodiode is over 22 Gbps for all 16 channels. Variable optical attenuators (VOAs) fabricated on the Si p-i-n rib waveguides and an AWG based on the SiOx waveguide are integrated successfully. The total size of 16-ch-AWG-VOAs is 15 8 mm2. The device has already been made polarization independent. Furthermore electronic circuits are successfully mounted on the integrated photonic device by using flip-chip bonding.
© (2013) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Hiroshi Fukuda, Hiroshi Fukuda, Tai Tsuchizawa, Tai Tsuchizawa, Hidetaka Nishi, Hidetaka Nishi, Rai Kou, Rai Kou, Tatsurou Hiraki, Tatsurou Hiraki, Kotarou Takeda, Kotarou Takeda, Kazumi Wada, Kazumi Wada, Yasuhiko Ishikawa, Yasuhiko Ishikawa, Koji Yamada, Koji Yamada, } "Silicon, silica, and germanium photonic integration for electronic and photonic convergence", Proc. SPIE 8628, Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits XV, 862806 (6 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2006691; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2006691
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