14 March 2013 Role of electron and hole transport processes in conductivity and light emission of silicon nanocrystals field-effect transistors
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Proceedings Volume 8629, Silicon Photonics VIII; 862914 (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2003084
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2013, San Francisco, California, United States
In this work, the optoelectronic properties of silicon light emitting field-effect transistors (LEFETs) have been investigated. The devices have been fabricated with silicon nanocrystals in the gate oxide and a semitransparent polycrystalline silicon gate. We compare the properties of LEFET with a more conventional MOS-LED (two-terminal light-emitting capacitor) with the same active material. The ~45 nm thick gate siliconrich oxide is deposited in a size-controlled multilayer geometry by low pressure chemical vapor deposition using standard microelectronic processes in a CMOS line. The multilayer stack is formed by layers of silicon oxide and silicon rich silicon oxide. The nanocrystal size and the tunneling barrier width are controlled by the thickness of silicon-rich silicon oxide and stochiometric silicon oxide layers, respectively. The silicon nanocrystals have been characterized by means of spectrally and time resolved photoluminescence, high resolution TEM, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Resistivity of the devices, capacitance, and electroluminescence under direct and pulsed injection current scheme have been studied and here reported. The optical power density and the external quantum efficiency of the LEFETs will be compared with the MOSLED results. This study will help to develop practical optoelectronic and photonic devices via accurate modeling and engineering of charge transport and exciton recombination in silicon nanocrystal arrays.
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Laura Cattoni, Laura Cattoni, Andrea Tengattini, Andrea Tengattini, Aleksei Anopchenko, Aleksei Anopchenko, Joan Manel Ramìrez, Joan Manel Ramìrez, Federico Ferrarese Lupi, Federico Ferrarese Lupi, Yonder Berencen, Yonder Berencen, Blas Garrido, Blas Garrido, Jean-Marc Fedeli, Jean-Marc Fedeli, Lorenzo Pavesi, Lorenzo Pavesi, "Role of electron and hole transport processes in conductivity and light emission of silicon nanocrystals field-effect transistors", Proc. SPIE 8629, Silicon Photonics VIII, 862914 (14 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2003084; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2003084

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