14 March 2013 All-optical single resonance control using a silicon-based ring-assisted Mach-Zehnder interferometer
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Proceedings Volume 8629, Silicon Photonics VIII; 86291D (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2000995
Event: SPIE OPTO, 2013, San Francisco, California, United States
Abstract
CMOS-compatible ring-based active devices have attracted significant attention for their ability to confine and manipulate light on a compact SOI platform. Active modulation of a ring resonator is typically achieved by changing the intensity response. As an alternative to intensity modulation, the phase modulation of the ring resonator can be converted into intensity modulation of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) by means of a ring-assisted Mach-Zehnder interferometer (RAMZI) structure. We theoretically demonstrate an all-optical single resonance switching using a silicon RAMZI by optically controlling the intracavity loss of the side-coupled silicon ring based on inverse Raman scattering (IRS). The RAMZI structure improves the modulation robustness against fabrication deviations by relaxing the coupling condition for the ring resonator, without compensating the modulation performance. In silicon, the IRS produces optical loss with a bandwidth of 105 GHz at the anti-Stokes wavelength, which blueshifts 15.6 THz from the control light. For our proposed RAMZI structure, the IRS induced loss is spectrally wider than the linewidth of the side-coupled ring, but narrower than the free spectral range (FSR) of the ring, guaranteeing single resonance selectivity. When the control light pulse of 200 ps switches from “off” (zero) to “on” (20pJ), the transmission of the anti-Stokes resonance transfers from 1.7% to 92.3%. The proposed structure provides the potential to multichannel all-optical routers on a CMOS compatible platform.
© (2013) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Yule Xiong, Winnie N. Ye, "All-optical single resonance control using a silicon-based ring-assisted Mach-Zehnder interferometer", Proc. SPIE 8629, Silicon Photonics VIII, 86291D (14 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2000995; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2000995
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