Based on a novel quantum dot (QD) growth technique, high density dot-like QDs were grown on (100)InAlGaAs/InP surfaces, which resulted in a strongly improved modal gain in 1.55 μm QD lasers. The influence of the number of QD layers on static properties, e.g., modal gain, threshold current density and spectral properties, are presented and discussed. For a large number of QD layers, e.g., 6 QD layers, a high modal gain of > 70cm-1 could be obtained. By reducing the number of QD layers, i.e., lowering the modal gain, the wavelength shift with temperature can be reduced to < 0.2 nm/K. Systematic dependence of laser properties on structural parameters is observed.