5 March 2013 Fabrication of liquid crystal gratings based on photoalignment technology
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A serial of LC gratings are fabricated mainly based on photoalignment, which include (1) Nematic LC grating with alternating 90° twisted nematic (TN) regions and homogeneous alignment (PA). Both 1D and 2D diffraction gratings are demonstrated by periodic photoalignment of sulfonic azo-dye (SD1) films with a linearly polarized light beam. (2) A polarization independent of 1D/2D LC gratings with alternate orthogonal homogeneously aligned regions. No polarizer is employed. (3) A polarizer-free submillisecond response grating employing dual-frequency LC (DFLC) together with patterned hybrid aligned nematic (HAN) structures. To obtain instantly controllable LC microstructures rather than simple gratings, a digital micro-mirror device (DMD) based a micro-lithography system is developed. It may generate arbitrary micro-images on photoalignment layers. Besides normal phase gratings, more complex 2D patterns including quasicrystal structure are demonstrated, which give us more freedom to develop microstructured LC based photonic devices.
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Yan-Qing Lu, Yan-Qing Lu, Wei Hu, Wei Hu, Abhishek Srivastava, Abhishek Srivastava, Vladimir G. Chigrinov, Vladimir G. Chigrinov, } "Fabrication of liquid crystal gratings based on photoalignment technology", Proc. SPIE 8642, Emerging Liquid Crystal Technologies VIII, 86420G (5 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2004245; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2004245

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