12 March 2013 Accurate depth estimation using spatiotemporal consistency in arbitrary camera arrays
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Depth estimation is an essential task for natural 3D image generation. In this paper, we estimate an accurate depth map from stereoscopic images captured by arbitrary camera arrays. Usually the depth information is estimated by stereo matching from two input images that are obtained by the parallel camera array. Recently the arc camera array has been widely employed to produce 3D movies. However, in the convergent camera array, it is difficult to apply image rectification by matching correspondence points due to serious image distortion. In this work, we estimate depth data without using image rectification. Once we define a potential energy function for depth detection based on spatial consistency, the energy optimization process identifies mismatching depth pixels. A reasonable depth value is assigned to each mismatched pixel using distance and intensity differences between the mismatched pixel and its neighbors. In addition, we improve temporal consistency and reduce visual discomfort. Experimental results demonstrate that our proposed method provides more accurate depth values than other methods based on image rectification.
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Woo-Seok Jang, Woo-Seok Jang, Yo-Sung Ho, Yo-Sung Ho, "Accurate depth estimation using spatiotemporal consistency in arbitrary camera arrays", Proc. SPIE 8648, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXIV, 86481K (12 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2004223; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2004223

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