14 March 2013 Picture perception and visual field
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Abstract
Looking at a picture fills part of the visual field. In the case of straight photographs there is a notion of the “Field of View” of the camera at the time of exposure. Is there a corresponding notion for the perception of the picture? In most cases the part of the visual field (as measured in degrees) filled by the picture will be quite different from the field of view of the camera. The case of works of arts is even more complicated, there need not even exist a well defined central view point. With several examples we show that there is essentially no notion of a corresponding “field of view” in pictorial perception. This is even the case for drawings in conventional linear perspective. Apparently the “mental eye” of the viewer is often unrelated to the geometry of the camera (or perspective center used in drawing). Observers often substitute templates instead of attempting an analysis of perspective.
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Andrea J. van Doorn, Huib de Ridder, Jan Koenderink, "Picture perception and visual field", Proc. SPIE 8651, Human Vision and Electronic Imaging XVIII, 865119 (14 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2001609; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2001609
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