4 February 2013 Extending color primary set in spectral vector error diffusion by multilevel halftoning
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Abstract
Ever since its origin in the late 19th century, a color reproduction technology has relied on a trichromatic color reproduction approach. This has been a very successful method and also fundamental for the development of color reproduction devices. Trichromatic color reproduction is sufficient to approximate the range of colors perceived by the human visual system. However, tricromatic systems only have the ability to match colors when the viewing illumination for the reproduction matches that of the original. Furthermore, the advancement of digital printing technology has introduced printing systems with additional color channels. These additional color channels are used to extend the tonal range capabilities in light and dark regions and to increase color gamut. By an alternative approach the addition color channels can also be used to reproduce the spectral information of the original color. A reproduced spectral match will always correspond to original independent of lighting situation. On the other hand, spectral color reproductions also introduce a more complex color processing by spectral color transfer functions and spectral gamut mapping algorithms. In that perspective, spectral vector error diffusion (sVED) look like a tempting approach with a simple workflow where the inverse color transfer function and halftoning is performed simultaneously in one single operation. Essential for the sVED method are the available color primaries, created by mixing process colors. Increased numbers of as well as optimal spectral characteristics of color primaries are expected to significantly improve the color accuracy of the spectral reproduction. In this study, sVED in combination with multilevel halftoning has been applied on a ten channel inkjet system. The print resolution has been reduced and the underlying physical high resolution of the printer has been used to mix additional primaries. With ten ink channels and halfton cells built-up by 2x2 micro dots where each micro dot can be a combination of all ten inks the number of possible ink combinations gets huge. Therefore, the initial study has been focused on including lighter colors to the intrinsic primary set. Results from this study shows that by this approach the color reproduction accuracy increases significantly. The RMS spectral difference to target color for multilevel halftoning is less than 1/6 of the difference achieved by binary halftoning.
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Ole Norberg, Ole Norberg, Daniel Nyström, Daniel Nyström, } "Extending color primary set in spectral vector error diffusion by multilevel halftoning", Proc. SPIE 8652, Color Imaging XVIII: Displaying, Processing, Hardcopy, and Applications, 86520M (4 February 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2005147; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2005147
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