19 February 2013 Quality constraint and rate-distortion optimization for predictive image coders
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Next generations of image and video coding methods should of course be efficient in terms of compression, but also propose advanced functionalities. Among these functionalities such as scalability, lossy and lossless coding, data protection, Rate Distortion Optimization (RDO) and Rate Control (RC) are key issues. RDO aims at optimizing compression performances, while RC mechanism enables to exactly compress at a given rate. A less common functionality than RC, but certainly more helpful, is Quality Control (QC): the constraint is here given by the quality. In this paper, we introduce a joint solution for RDO and QC applied to a still image codec called Locally Adaptive Resolution (LAR), providing scalability both in resolution and SNR and based on a multi-resolution structure. The technique does not require any additional encoding pass. It relies on a modeling and estimation of the prediction errors obtained in an early work. First, quality constraint is applied and propagated through the whole resolution levels called pyramid. Then, the quantization parameters are deduced considering inter and intra pyramid level relationships. Results show that performances of the proposed method are very close to an exhaustive search solution.
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Khouloud Samrouth, Khouloud Samrouth, François Pasteau, François Pasteau, Olivier Deforges, Olivier Deforges, "Quality constraint and rate-distortion optimization for predictive image coders", Proc. SPIE 8655, Image Processing: Algorithms and Systems XI, 86550D (19 February 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2001655; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2001655

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