6 March 2013 Autonomous ship classification using synthetic and real color images
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Abstract
This work classifies color images of ships attained using cameras mounted on ships and in harbors. Our data-sets contain 9 different types of ship with 18 different perspectives for our training set, development set and testing set. The training data-set contains modeled synthetic images; development and testing data-sets contain real images. The database of real images was gathered from the internet, and 3D models for synthetic images were imported from Google 3D Warehouse. A key goal in this work is to use synthetic images to increase overall classification accuracy. We present a novel approach for autonomous segmentation and feature extraction for this problem. Support vector machine is used for multi-class classification. This work reports three experimental results for multi-class ship classification problem. First experiment trains on a synthetic image data-set and tests on a real image data-set, and obtained accuracy is 87.8%. Second experiment trains on a real image data-set and tests on a separate real image data-set, and obtained accuracy is 87.8%. Last experiment trains on real + synthetic image data-sets (combined data-set) and tests on a separate real image data-set, and obtained accuracy is 93.3%.
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Deniz Kumlu, Deniz Kumlu, B. Keith Jenkins, B. Keith Jenkins, } "Autonomous ship classification using synthetic and real color images", Proc. SPIE 8661, Image Processing: Machine Vision Applications VI, 86610M (6 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2005749; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2005749
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