4 February 2013 Using a multi-port architecture of neural-net associative memory based on the equivalency paradigm for parallel cluster image analysis and self-learning
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Proceedings Volume 8662, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XXX: Algorithms and Techniques; 86620S (2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2003169
Event: IS&T/SPIE Electronic Imaging, 2013, Burlingame, California, United States
Abstract
We consider equivalency models, including matrix-matrix and matrix-tensor and with the dual adaptive-weighted correlation, multi-port neural-net auto-associative and hetero-associative memory (MP NN AAM and HAP), which are equivalency paradigm and the theoretical basis of our work. We make a brief overview of the possible implementations of the MP NN AAM and of their architectures proposed and investigated earlier by us. The main base unit of such architectures is a matrix-matrix or matrix-tensor equivalentor. We show that the MP NN AAM based on the equivalency paradigm and optoelectronic architectures with space-time integration and parallel-serial 2D images processing have advantages such as increased memory capacity (more than ten times of the number of neurons!), high performance in different modes (1010 – 1012 connections per second!) And the ability to process, store and associatively recognize highly correlated images. Next, we show that with minor modifications, such MP NN AAM can be successfully used for highperformance parallel clustering processing of images. We show simulation results of using these modifications for clustering and learning models and algorithms for cluster analysis of specific images and divide them into categories of the array. Show example of a cluster division of 32 images (40x32 pixels) letters and graphics for 12 clusters with simultaneous formation of the output-weighted space allocated images for each cluster. We discuss algorithms for learning and self-learning in such structures and their comparative evaluations based on Mathcad simulations are made. It is shown that, unlike the traditional Kohonen self-organizing maps, time of learning in the proposed structures of multi-port neuronet classifier/clusterizer (MP NN C) on the basis of equivalency paradigm, due to their multi-port, decreases by orders and can be, in some cases, just a few epochs. Estimates show that in the test clustering of 32 1280- element images into 12 groups, the formation of neural connections of the matrix with dimension of 128x120 elements occurs to tens of iterative steps (some epochs), and for a set of learning patterns consisting of 32 such images, and at time of processing of 1-10 microseconds, the total learning time does not exceed a few milliseconds. We offer criteria for the quality evaluation of patterns clustering with such MP NN AAM.
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Vladimir G. Krasilenko, Alexander A. Lazarev, Sveta K. Grabovlyak, Diana V. Nikitovich, "Using a multi-port architecture of neural-net associative memory based on the equivalency paradigm for parallel cluster image analysis and self-learning", Proc. SPIE 8662, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XXX: Algorithms and Techniques, 86620S (4 February 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2003169; http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2003169
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KEYWORDS
Image processing

Image analysis

Neurons

Signal processing

Content addressable memory

Matrices

Computer simulations

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