19 March 2013 Algorithm design for automated transportation photo enforcement camera image and video quality diagnostic check modules
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Abstract
Photo enforcement devices for traffic rules such as red lights, toll, stops, and speed limits are increasingly being deployed in cities and counties around the world to ensure smooth traffic flow and public safety. These are typically unattended fielded systems, and so it is important to periodically check them for potential image/video quality problems that might interfere with their intended functionality. There is interest in automating such checks to reduce the operational overhead and human error involved in manually checking large camera device fleets. Examples of problems affecting such camera devices include exposure issues, focus drifts, obstructions, misalignment, download errors, and motion blur. Furthermore, in some cases, in addition to the sub-algorithms for individual problems, one also has to carefully design the overall algorithm and logic to check for and accurately classifying these individual problems. Some of these issues can occur in tandem or have the potential to be confused for each other by automated algorithms. Examples include camera misalignment that can cause some scene elements to go out of focus for wide-area scenes or download errors that can be misinterpreted as an obstruction. Therefore, the sequence in which the sub-algorithms are utilized is also important. This paper presents an overview of these problems along with no-reference and reduced reference image and video quality solutions to detect and classify such faults.
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Ajay Raghavan, Bhaskar Saha, "Algorithm design for automated transportation photo enforcement camera image and video quality diagnostic check modules", Proc. SPIE 8663, Video Surveillance and Transportation Imaging Applications, 86630H (19 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2008843; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2008843
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