6 March 2013 Metal artifact reduction in tomosynthesis by metal extraction and ordered subset-expectation maximization (OS-EM) reconstruction
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 8668, Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging; 86685M (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2006171
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2013, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando Area), Florida, United States
Tomosynthesis is a useful imaging tool for breast, lung, and orthopedic diagnostics. Compared with computed tomography (CT), fewer artifacts are caused by metal components (metal artifacts). This advantage makes tomosynthesis particularly useful for orthopedics. Implementing filtered back projection (FBP) with a modified kernel leads to an increase in the low-frequency components of reconstructed images and reduces metal artifacts in tomosynthesis. However, even using this reconstruction method, metal artifacts are present in the region very close to any piece of metal. Due to the modified kernel, the observation of fine structures is difficult. We developed a new reconstruction algorithm to provide fewer metal artifacts in tomosynthesis images than in conventional images without filtering. Our new algorithm consists of four steps: 1) automatically extracting metal components from projection images using a novel method that we developed; 2) dividing projection images into metal-free projection images and metal-only projection images; 3) reconstructing these two projection images using the ordered subset-expectation maximization (OS-EM) method to create metal-free tomosynthesis images and metal-only tomosynthesis images; and 4) combining the tomosynthesis images and thereby obtaining metal artifact-reduced tomosynthesis images. Our new metal extraction method in step 1 is based on the graph cuts algorithm. We compared four image reconstruction algorithms: (a) FBP, (b) FBP with a modified kernel, (c) simple OS-EM and (d) the proposed method. The results demonstrate that the proposed method significantly reduces metal artifacts when compared with the other methods.
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Tomonori Sakimoto, Tomonori Sakimoto, Kazuyoshi Nishino, Kazuyoshi Nishino, "Metal artifact reduction in tomosynthesis by metal extraction and ordered subset-expectation maximization (OS-EM) reconstruction", Proc. SPIE 8668, Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging, 86685M (6 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2006171; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2006171

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