13 March 2013 Software-based diffusion MR human brain phantom for evaluating fiber-tracking algorithms
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Proceedings Volume 8669, Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing; 86692A (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2006113
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2013, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando Area), Florida, United States
Abstract
Fiber tracking provides insights into the brain white matter network and has become more and more popular in diffusion magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Hardware or software phantom provides an essential platform to investigate, validate and compare various tractography algorithms towards a "gold standard". Software phantoms excel due to their flexibility in varying imaging parameters, such as tissue composition, SNR, as well as potential to model various anatomies and pathologies. This paper describes a novel method in generating diffusion MR images with various imaging parameters from realistically appearing, individually varying brain anatomy based on predefined fiber tracts within a high-resolution human brain atlas. Specifically, joint, high resolution DWI and structural MRI brain atlases were constructed with images acquired from 6 healthy subjects (age 22-26) for the DWI data and 56 healthy subject (age 18-59) for the structural MRI data. Full brain fiber tracking was performed with filtered, two-tensor tractography in atlas space. A deformation field based principal component model from the structural MRI as well as unbiased atlas building was then employed to generate synthetic structural brain MR images that are individually varying. Atlas fiber tracts were accordingly warped into each synthetic brain anatomy. Diffusion MR images were finally computed from these warped tracts via a composite hindered and restricted model of diffusion with various imaging parameters for gradient directions, image resolution and SNR. Furthermore, an open-source program was developed to evaluate the fiber tracking results both qualitatively and quantitatively based on various similarity measures.
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Yundi Shi, Yundi Shi, Gwendoline Roger, Gwendoline Roger, Clement Vachet, Clement Vachet, Francois Budin, Francois Budin, Eric Maltbie, Eric Maltbie, Audrey Verde, Audrey Verde, Marion Hoogstoel, Marion Hoogstoel, Jean-Baptiste Berger, Jean-Baptiste Berger, Martin Styner, Martin Styner, } "Software-based diffusion MR human brain phantom for evaluating fiber-tracking algorithms", Proc. SPIE 8669, Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing, 86692A (13 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2006113; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2006113
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