13 March 2013 Interactive 3D segmentation method based on uncertain local region updating in hierarchical MRF graph
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Proceedings Volume 8669, Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing; 866942 (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2006718
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2013, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando Area), Florida, United States
In this paper, we present a three-dimensional interactive segmentation method. Unlike most previous interactive methods which largely depend on user interaction, we exploit a prior knowledge of training data to reduce the user effort. Based on the prior knowledge, most distinguishable parts of an object are automatically segmented and labels of some uncertain parts are queried to an user. To systematically model the problem, we combine the hierarchical Markov random field (HMRF) framework and the active learning scheme. The HMRF framework, proposed for the automatic manner, simultaneously reflects characteristics of local variations and their global smoothness, while the active learning scheme improves the efficiency of interactive system. We incorporate the active learning strategy into the editing step of the HMRF structure in order to find and modify the uncertain parts after the automatic segmentation. Specifically, the uncertainties of local regions are firstly computed by the label difference between segmentation candidates. Then, the graph models of the uncertain regions are updated by the user interaction. Since the HMRF structure constrains the smoothness of local regions and the global optimality, the segmentation is updated as a whole even though the small numbers of local parts are edited. The proposed method is applied to the segmentation of femur and tibia in knee MR images for evaluation. The evaluation demonstrates that the proposed method improves the segmentation efficiency more than the graph cut based method or manual editing.
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Sang Hyun Park, Sang Hyun Park, Il Dong Yun, Il Dong Yun, } "Interactive 3D segmentation method based on uncertain local region updating in hierarchical MRF graph", Proc. SPIE 8669, Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing, 866942 (13 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2006718; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2006718

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