29 March 2013 Curved planar reformation and optimal path tracing (CROP) method for false positive reduction in computer-aided detection of pulmonary embolism in CTPA
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Proceedings Volume 8670, Medical Imaging 2013: Computer-Aided Diagnosis; 867035 (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2008048
Event: SPIE Medical Imaging, 2013, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando Area), Florida, United States
Abstract
The curved planar reformation (CPR) method re-samples the vascular structures along the vessel centerline to generate longitudinal cross-section views. The CPR technique has been commonly used in coronary CTA workstation to facilitate radiologists’ visual assessment of coronary diseases, but has not yet been used for pulmonary vessel analysis in CTPA due to the complicated tree structures and the vast network of pulmonary vasculature. In this study, a new curved planar reformation and optimal path tracing (CROP) method was developed to facilitate feature extraction and false positive (FP) reduction and improve our PE detection system. PE candidates are first identified in the segmented pulmonary vessels at prescreening. Based on Dijkstra’s algorithm, the optimal path (OP) is traced from the pulmonary trunk bifurcation point to each PE candidate. The traced vessel is then straightened and a reformatted volume is generated using CPR. Eleven new features that characterize the intensity, gradient, and topology are extracted from the PE candidate in the CPR volume and combined with the previously developed 9 features to form a new feature space for FP classification. With IRB approval, CTPA of 59 PE cases were retrospectively collected from our patient files (UM set) and 69 PE cases from the PIOPED II data set with access permission. 595 and 800 PEs were manually marked by experienced radiologists as reference standard for the UM and PIOPED set, respectively. At a test sensitivity of 80%, the average FP rate was improved from 18.9 to 11.9 FPs/case with the new method for the PIOPED set when the UM set was used for training. The FP rate was improved from 22.6 to 14.2 FPs/case for the UM set when the PIOPED set was used for training. The improvement in the free response receiver operating characteristic (FROC) curves was statistically significant (p<0.05) by JAFROC analysis, indicating that the new features extracted from the CROP method are useful for FP reduction.
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Chuan Zhou, Chuan Zhou, Heang-Ping Chan, Heang-Ping Chan, Yanhui Guo, Yanhui Guo, Jun Wei, Jun Wei, Aamer Chughtai, Aamer Chughtai, Lubomir M. Hadjiiski, Lubomir M. Hadjiiski, Baskaran Sundaram, Baskaran Sundaram, Smita Patel, Smita Patel, Jean W. Kuriakose, Jean W. Kuriakose, Ella A. Kazerooni, Ella A. Kazerooni, } "Curved planar reformation and optimal path tracing (CROP) method for false positive reduction in computer-aided detection of pulmonary embolism in CTPA", Proc. SPIE 8670, Medical Imaging 2013: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 867035 (29 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2008048; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2008048
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