8 March 2013 Respiratory motion influence on catheter contact force during radio frequency ablation procedures
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Minimally invasive catheter ablation is a common treatment option for atrial fibrillation. A common treatment strategy is pulmonary vein isolation. In this case, individual ablation points need to be placed around the ostia of the pulmonary veins attached to the left atrium to generate transmural lesions and thereby block electric signals. To achieve a durable transmural lesion, the tip of the catheter has to be stable with a sufficient tissue contact during radio-frequency ablation. Besides the steerable interface operated by the physician, the movement of the catheter is also influenced by the heart and breathing motion - particularly during ablation. In this paper we investigate the influence of breathing motion on different areas of the endocardium during radio frequency ablation. To this end, we analyze the frequency spectrum of the continuous catheter contact force to identify areas with increased breathing motion using a classification method. This approach has been applied to clinical patient data acquired during three pulmonary vein isolation procedures. Initial findings show that motion due to respiration is more pronounced at the roof and around the right pulmonary veins.
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Martin Koch, Martin Koch, Alexander Brost, Alexander Brost, Joachim Hornegger, Joachim Hornegger, Norbert Strobel, Norbert Strobel, } "Respiratory motion influence on catheter contact force during radio frequency ablation procedures", Proc. SPIE 8671, Medical Imaging 2013: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 86710D (8 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2006369; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2006369

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