29 March 2013 CMUT-based volumetric ultrasonic imaging array design for forward looking ICE and IVUS applications
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Designing a mechanically flexible catheter based volumetric ultrasonic imaging device for intravascular and intracardiac imaging is challenging due to small transducer area and limited number of cables. With a few parallel channels, synthetic phased array processing is necessary to acquire data from a large number of transducer elements. This increases the data collection time and hence reduces frame rate and causes artifacts due to tissue-transducer motion. Some of these drawbacks can be resolved by different array designs offered by CMUT-on-CMOS approach. We recently implemented a 2.1-mm diameter single chip 10 MHz dual ring CMUT-on-CMOS array for forward looking ICE with 64-transmit and 56-receive elements along with associated electronics. These volumetric arrays have the small element size required by high operating frequencies and achieve sub mm resolution, but the system would be susceptible to motion artifacts. To enable real time imaging with high SNR, we designed novel arrays consisting of multiple defocused annular rings for transmit aperture and a single ring receive array. The annular transmit rings are utilized to act as a high power element by focusing to a virtual ring shaped line behind the aperture. In this case, image reconstruction is performed by only receive beamforming, reducing total required firing steps from 896 to 14 with a trade-off in image resolution. The SNR of system is improved more than 5 dB for the same frequency and frame rate as compared to the dual ring array, which can be utilized to achieve the same resolution by increasing the operating frequency.
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Coskun Tekes, Coskun Tekes, Jaime Zahorian, Jaime Zahorian, Toby Xu, Toby Xu, Muhammad W. Rashid, Muhammad W. Rashid, Sarp Satir, Sarp Satir, Gokce Gurun, Gokce Gurun, Mustafa Karaman, Mustafa Karaman, Jennifer Hasler, Jennifer Hasler, F. Levent Degertekin, F. Levent Degertekin, } "CMUT-based volumetric ultrasonic imaging array design for forward looking ICE and IVUS applications", Proc. SPIE 8675, Medical Imaging 2013: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy, 86750B (29 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2007042; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2007042

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