29 March 2013 Vibro-acoustography with 1.75D ultrasound array transducer for detection and localization of permanent prostate brachytherapy seeds: ex vivo study
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Abstract
Effective brachytherapy procedures require precise placement of radioactive seeds in the prostate. Currently, transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) imaging is one of the main intraoperative imaging modalities to assist physicians in placement of brachytherapy seeds. However, the seed detection rate with TRUS is poor mainly because ultrasound imaging is highly sensitive to variations in seed orientation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the abilities of a new acoustic radiation force imaging modality, vibro-acoustography (VA), equipped with a 1.75D array transducer and implemented on a customized clinical ultrasound scanner, to image and localize brachytherapy seeds in prostatic tissue. To perform experiments, excised cadaver prostate specimens were implanted with dummy brachytherapy seeds, and embedded in tissue mimicking gel to simulate the properties of the surrounding soft tissues. The samples were scanned using the VA system and the resulting VA signals were used to reconstruct VA images at several depths inside the tissue. To further evaluate the performance of VA in detecting seeds, X-ray computed tomography (CT) images of the same tissue sample, were obtained and used as a gold-standard to compare the number of seeds detected by the two methods. Our results indicate that VA is capable of imaging of brachytherapy seeds with accuracy and high contrast, and can detect a large percentage of the seeds implanted within the tissue samples.
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Mohammad Mehrmohammadi, Mohammad Mehrmohammadi, Azra Alizad, Azra Alizad, Randall R. Kinnick, Randall R. Kinnick, Brian J. Davis, Brian J. Davis, Mostafa Fatemi, Mostafa Fatemi, } "Vibro-acoustography with 1.75D ultrasound array transducer for detection and localization of permanent prostate brachytherapy seeds: ex vivo study", Proc. SPIE 8675, Medical Imaging 2013: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy, 86750W (29 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2007367; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2007367
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