9 April 2013 Novel silicone compatible cross-linkers for controlled functionalization of PDMS networks
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Abstract
Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) elastomers are excellent materials for dielectric electroactive polymers (DEAPs) due to their high efficiency and fast response. PDMS suffers, however, from low dielectric permittivity and high voltages are therefore required when the material is used for DEAP actuators. In order to improve the dielectric properties of PDMS a novel system is developed where push-pull dipoles are grafted to a new silicone compatible cross-linker. The grafted cross-linkers are prepared by reaction of two different push-pull dipole alkynes as well as a fluorescent alkyne with the new azide-functional cross-linker by click chemistry. The dipole cross-linkers are used to prepare PDMS elastomers of various chains lengths providing different network densities. The functionalized cross-linkers are incorporated successfully into the networks and are well distributed as determined by the fluorescent functional cross-linker and fluorescence microscopy. The thermal, mechanical and electro-mechanical properties of PDMS elastomers of 0 wt% to 3.6 wt% of push-pull dipole cross-linker are investigated. An increase in the dielectric permittivity of 19 % at only 0.46 wt% of pure push-pull dipole is observed. Furthermore, the dielectric losses are found to be very low while the electrical breakdown strengths are high and adequate for DEAP applications.
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Frederikke B. Madsen, Frederikke B. Madsen, Anders Egede Daugaard, Anders Egede Daugaard, Søren Hvilsted, Søren Hvilsted, Anne Ladegaard Skov, Anne Ladegaard Skov, } "Novel silicone compatible cross-linkers for controlled functionalization of PDMS networks", Proc. SPIE 8687, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2013, 86871H (9 April 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2011868; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2011868
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