10 April 2013 Piezoelectric PVDF film energy harvester for powering a wireless sensor system
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Abstract
Energy harvesters of PVDF were used to power a wireless sensor system. Simple technologies are sufficient for the fabrication of these harvesting modules. A critical process step is the polarization of the piezoelectric material. Main piezoelectric parameters depend strongly on the polarization material. Particularly, the remanent polarization of PVDF is influenced by the electric field strength and the polarization temperature. Dielectric breakdowns of the film at higher temperatures prevent a sufficient polarization. At least, all modules were polarized at a field strength of 100 – 120 MV/m and a temperature of 90°C. Modules with dimensions of 165mm × 95mm × 1.5mm were used to power a commercial available “development kit for Energy Harvesting Wireless systems” (EnOcean ‘EDK 300’). The modules possess of 20 layers of PVDF. Each module was connected via a standard four diode full rectifier bridge with the development kit EDK 300. Positioned underneath a parquet floor (thickness=10mm), the modules converted mechanical energy of footsteps into electricity. Goal of these investigations were to find out configurations suited to generate a sufficient energy level to supply the operation of the EDK 300. Two capacitors in the development kit are used to start the operation of the kit (C1=470μF) and to store converted energy (C2=0.25F). Already a few steps onto one module were sufficient to charge C1 and to start the operation of the EDK 300. Following steps (>100) produced energy which was stored in C2. Increasing numbers of mechanical loaded modules lead to a rise of energy stored in C2.
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E. Bischur, E. Bischur, N. Schwesinger, N. Schwesinger, } "Piezoelectric PVDF film energy harvester for powering a wireless sensor system", Proc. SPIE 8688, Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2013, 868804 (10 April 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2009610; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2009610
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