11 April 2013 Multilayer transfer matrix characterization of complex materials with scanning acoustic microscopy
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Abstract
A multilayer structured thin film system, such as a biomedical thin film, MEMS (Micro Electric Mechanical System)/NEMS (Nano Electric Mechanical System) devices, and semiconductors, is widely used in various fields of industries. To non-destructively evaluate the multilayer structured thin film system, a mechanical scanning acoustic reflection microscope has been well recognized as a useful tool in recent years. Especially, the V(z) curve method with the scanning acoustic microscope is used to characterize the very small area of the system. In this study, V(z) curve simulation software for simulating transducer output when we transmit an ultrasound wave into the specimen has been developed. In the software, the Thompson-Haskell transfer matrix method is applied to solve for the reflectance function. All input and output interfaces incorporated in a GUI interface for users’ convenience. Surface acoustic wave velocities are calculated from the simulated V(z) curves. For the precise calculation advanced signal processing techniques are utilized. The surface acoustic wave velocity is compared to that from an experiment with a bulk solid. We also tested the simulation’s thickness sensitivity by simulating models with different thickness in nanoscale. A series of experiments with multilayered solids are carried out and the results are compared with the simulation results. It was the first time a comparison of analytical versus experimental for V(z) curves for multilayered system were performed. For the multilayered specimen, silicon (100) is used as a substrate. Titanium (thickness: 10 nanometer) and platinum (thickness: 100 nanometer) are deposited respectively.
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Jeong Nyeon Kim, Richard Tutwiler, Dong Ryul Kwak, Ikkeun Park, Chiaki Miyasaka, "Multilayer transfer matrix characterization of complex materials with scanning acoustic microscopy", Proc. SPIE 8694, Nondestructive Characterization for Composite Materials, Aerospace Engineering, Civil Infrastructure, and Homeland Security 2013, 86941O (11 April 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2012255; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2012255
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