11 June 2013 Wide field-of-view dual-band multispectral muzzle flash detection
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Abstract
Sensor technologies are undergoing revolutionary advances, as seen in the rapid growth of multispectral methodologies. Increases in spatial, spectral, and temporal resolution, and in breadth of spectral coverage, render feasible sensors that function with unprecedented performance. A system was developed that addresses many of the key hardware requirements for a practical dual-band multispectral acquisition system, including wide field of view and spectral/temporal shift between dual bands. The system was designed using a novel dichroic beam splitter and dual band-pass filter configuration that creates two side-by-side images of a scene on a single sensor. A high-speed CMOS sensor was used to simultaneously capture data from the entire scene in both spectral bands using a short focal-length lens that provided a wide field-of-view. The beam-splitter components were arranged such that the two images were maintained in optical alignment and real-time intra-band processing could be carried out using only simple arithmetic on the image halves. An experiment related to limitations of the system to address multispectral detection requirements was performed. This characterized the system’s low spectral variation across its wide field of view. This paper provides lessons learned on the general limitation of key hardware components required for multispectral muzzle flash detection, using the system as a hardware example combined with simulated multispectral muzzle flash and background signatures.
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J. Montoya, J. Montoya, J. Melchor, J. Melchor, P. Spiliotis, P. Spiliotis, L. Taplin, L. Taplin, "Wide field-of-view dual-band multispectral muzzle flash detection", Proc. SPIE 8704, Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIX, 87040D (11 June 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2018297; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2018297
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