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18 June 2013 MWIR InAsSb barrier detector data and analysis
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Abstract
Mid-wavelength infrared (MWIR) InAsSb alloy barrier detectors grown on GaAs substrates were characterized as a function of temperature to evaluate their performance. Detector arrays were fabricated in a 1024 × 1024 format on an 18 μm pitch. A fanout was utilized to directly acquire data from a set of selected detectors without an intervening read out integrating circuit (ROIC). The detectors have a cutoff wavelength equal to ~ 4.9 μm at 150 K. The peak internal quantum efficiency (QE) required a reverse bias voltage of 1 V. The detectors were diffusion-limited at the bias required to attain peak QE. Multiple 18 μm × 18 μm detectors were tied together in parallel by connecting the indium bump of each detector to a single large metal pad on the fanout. The dark current density at -1 V bias for a set of 64 × 64 and 6 × 6 array of detectors, each of which were tied together in parallel was ~ 10-3 A/cm2 at 200 K and 5 × 10-6 A/cm2 at 150 K. The 4096 (64 × 64) and 36 (6 × 6) detectors, both have similar Jdark vs Vd characteristics, demonstrating high operability and uniformity of the detectors in the array. The external QE measured using a narrow band filter centered at ~ 4 μm had values in the 65 – 70 % range. Since the detectors were illuminated through a GaAs substrate which has a reflectance of 29%, the internal QE is greater than 90 %. A 1024 × 1024 ROIC on an 18 μm pitch was also designed and fabricated to interface with the barrier detectors. QE at 150 K for a 1024 × 1024 detector array hybridized to a ROIC matched the QE measured on detectors that were measured directly through a fanout chip. Median D* at 150 K under a flux of 1.07 × 1015 ph/(cm2/s was 1.0 x 1011 cm Hz1/2 /W.
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A. I. D'Souza, E. Robinson, A. C. Ionescu, D. Okerlund, T. J. De Lyon, R. D. Rajavel, H. Sharifi, N. K. Dhar, P. S. Wijewarnasuriya, and C. Grein "MWIR InAsSb barrier detector data and analysis", Proc. SPIE 8704, Infrared Technology and Applications XXXIX, 87041V (18 June 2013); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2018427
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