7 June 2013 Detection of shallow buried objects using an autoregressive model on the ground penetrating radar signal
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Abstract
The detection of shallow buried low-metal content objects using ground penetrating radar (GPR) is a challenging task. This is because these targets are right underneath the ground and the ground bounce reflection interferes with their detections. They do not create distinctive hyperbolic signatures as required by most existing GPR detection algorithms due to their special geometric shapes and low metal content. This paper proposes the use of the Autoregressive (AR) modeling method for the detection of these targets. We fit an A-scan of the GPR data to an AR model. It is found that the fitting error will be small when such a target is present and large when it is absent. The ratio of the energy in an Ascan before and after AR model fitting is used as the confidence value for detection. We also apply AR model fitting over scans and utilize the fitting residual energies over several scans to form a feature vector for improving the detections. Using the data collected from a government test site, the proposed method can improve the detection of this kind of targets by 30% compared to the pre-screener, at a false alarm rate of 0.002/m2.
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Daniel P. Nabelek, Daniel P. Nabelek, K. C. Ho, K. C. Ho, } "Detection of shallow buried objects using an autoregressive model on the ground penetrating radar signal", Proc. SPIE 8709, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XVIII, 87091I (7 June 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2015504; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2015504
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