29 May 2013 Mid-wave infrared hyperspectral imaging of unknown chemical warfare agents
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Abstract
The ability of a stand-off chemical detector to distinguish two different chemical warfare agents is demonstrated in this paper. Using Negative Contrast Imaging, based upon IR absorption spectroscopy, we were able to detect 1 μl of VX, sulfur mustard and water on a subset of representative surfaces. These experiments were performed at a range of 1.3 metres and an angle of 45° to the surface. The technique employed utilises a Q-switched intracavity MgO:PPLN crystal that generated 1.4 – 1.8 μm (shortwave) and 2.6 – 3.6 μm (midwave) infrared radiation (SWIR and MWIR, respectively). The MgO:PPLN crystal has a fanned grating design which, via translation through a 1064 nm pump beam, enables tuning through the SWIR and MWIR wavelength ranges. The SWIR and MWIR beams are guided across a scene via a pair of raster scanned mirrors allowing detection of absorption features within these spectral regions. This investigation exploited MWIR signatures, as they provided sufficient molecular information to distinguish between toxic and benign chemicals in these proof-of-concept experiments.
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Rhea J. Clewes, Rhea J. Clewes, Chris R. Howle, Chris R. Howle, Jason Guicheteau, Jason Guicheteau, Darren Emge, Darren Emge, Keith Ruxton, Keith Ruxton, Gordon Robertson, Gordon Robertson, William Miller, William Miller, Graeme Malcolm, Graeme Malcolm, Gareth T. Maker, Gareth T. Maker, "Mid-wave infrared hyperspectral imaging of unknown chemical warfare agents", Proc. SPIE 8710, Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XIV, 871002 (29 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2017868; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2017868
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