31 May 2013 A comparative analysis of dynamic range compression techniques in IR images for maritime applications
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Abstract
Modern thermal cameras acquire IR images with a high dynamic range because they have to sense with high thermal resolution the great temperature changes of monitored scenarios in specific surveillance applications. Initially developed for visible light images and recently extended for display of IR images, high dynamic range compression (HDRC) techniques aim at furnishing plain images to human operators for a first intuitive comprehension of the sensed scenario without altering the features of IR images. In this context, the maritime scenario represents a challenging case to test and develop HDRC strategies since images collected for surveillance at sea are typically characterized by high thermal gradients among the background scene and classes of objects at different temperatures. In the development of a new IRST system, Selex ES assembled a demonstrator equipped with modern thermal cameras and planned a measurement campaign on a maritime scenario so as to collect IR sequences in different operating conditions. This has led to build up a case record of situations suitable to test HDRC techniques. In this work, a survey of HDRC approaches is introduced pointing out advantages and drawbacks with focus on strategies specifically designed to display IR images. A detailed analysis of the performance is discussed in order to address the task of visualization with reference to typical issues of IR maritime images, such as robustness to the horizon effect and displaying of very warm objects and flat areas.
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Alessandro Rossi, Alessandro Rossi, Nicola Acito, Nicola Acito, Marco Diani, Marco Diani, Cristian Luison, Cristian Luison, Monica Olivieri, Monica Olivieri, Gianni Barani, Gianni Barani, } "A comparative analysis of dynamic range compression techniques in IR images for maritime applications", Proc. SPIE 8713, Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) Systems and Applications X, 87130O (31 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2015721; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2015721
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