31 May 2013 A comparison of interferometric SAR antenna options
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Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (IFSAR or InSAR) uses multiple antenna phase centers to ultimately measure target scene elevation. Its ability to do so depends on the antenna configuration, and how the multiple phase centers are employed. We examine several different dual-phase-center antenna configurations and modalities, including a conventional arrangement where a dedicated antenna is used to transmit and receive with another to receive only, a configuration where transmit and receive operations are ping-ponged between phase centers, a monopulse configuration, and an orthogonal waveform configuration. Our figure of merit is the RMS height noise in the elevation estimation. We show that a monopulse configuration is equivalent to the ping-pong scheme, and both offer an advantage over the conventional arrangement. The orthogonal waveform offers the best potential performance, if sufficient isolation can be achieved.
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A. W. Doerry, A. W. Doerry, D. L. Bickel, D. L. Bickel, "A comparison of interferometric SAR antenna options", Proc. SPIE 8714, Radar Sensor Technology XVII, 87141F (31 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2015325; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2015325


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