3 June 2013 Estimating oil layer thickness: a vibrational spectroscopic approach
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Abstract
Crude oil spills in the marine environment result in spatially variable slicks, with up to 90% of the oil contained in less than 10% of the slick area. Rapid slick containment and cleanup is in the interest of all stakeholders and can be best accomplished by focusing efforts on the thickest regions of the slick. An instrument for estimating oil slick thickness would expedite the cleanup process and offers the potential to minimize a spills’ environmental impact. In this work, we have experimented using infrared (IR) spectroscopy and pattern recognition algorithms to discriminate thin and thick regions of an oil slick. Fourier transform-IR (FT-IR) spectra of five crude oils and one refined oil at varying thicknesses on water were collected at short standoff in a laboratory setting. The strong C-H stretching absorbances near 3000 cm-1 and 1500 cm-1 proved most useful for discriminating oil thickness. Several techniques for signal representation and discrimination were explored in attempt to classify spectra as thin or thick, where “thick” was defined as greater than a predetermined thickness threshold. Although a discrimination approach using Principal Component Analysis and artificial neural networks was most efficient, a template matching approach provided slightly better performance. Thick oil slicks were determined with 95% probability of detection (Pd) and 5% probability of false alarm (Pfa) when the oil was contained in the template matching database (88% Pd with 15% Pfa when the oil was not in the database). The system’s overall performance varied with the predetermined thickness threshold, with 100 μm producing the best results.
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Lance E. Besaw, Lance E. Besaw, Gregory F. S. Hewitt, Gregory F. S. Hewitt, John W. Haas, John W. Haas, Neal E. Van Wyck, Neal E. Van Wyck, Ryan A. Langlois, Ryan A. Langlois, David W. Sweeten, David W. Sweeten, "Estimating oil layer thickness: a vibrational spectroscopic approach", Proc. SPIE 8724, Ocean Sensing and Monitoring V, 87240H (3 June 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2014673; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2014673
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