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30 May 2013 Mechanically flexible optically transparent silicon fabric with high thermal budget devices from bulk silicon (100)
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Abstract
Today’s information age is driven by silicon based electronics. For nearly four decades semiconductor industry has perfected the fabrication process of continuingly scaled transistor – heart of modern day electronics. In future, silicon industry will be more pervasive, whose application will range from ultra-mobile computation to bio-integrated medical electronics. Emergence of flexible electronics opens up interesting opportunities to expand the horizon of electronics industry. However, silicon – industry’s darling material is rigid and brittle. Therefore, we report a generic batch fabrication process to convert nearly any silicon electronics into a flexible one without compromising its (i) performance; (ii) ultra-large-scale-integration complexity to integrate billions of transistors within small areas; (iii) state-of-the-art process compatibility, (iv) advanced materials used in modern semiconductor technology; (v) the most widely used and well-studied low-cost substrate mono-crystalline bulk silicon (100). In our process, we make trenches using anisotropic reactive ion etching (RIE) in the inactive areas (in between the devices) of a silicon substrate (after the devices have been fabricated following the regular CMOS process), followed by a dielectric based spacer formation to protect the sidewall of the trench and then performing an isotropic etch to create caves in silicon. When these caves meet with each other the top portion of the silicon with the devices is ready to be peeled off from the bottom silicon substrate. Release process does not need to use any external support. Released silicon fabric (25 m thick) is mechanically flexible (5 mm bending radius) and the trenches make it semi-transparent (transparency of 7%).
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Muhammad M. Hussain, Jhonathan P. Rojas, and Galo A. Torres Sevilla "Mechanically flexible optically transparent silicon fabric with high thermal budget devices from bulk silicon (100)", Proc. SPIE 8725, Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications V, 87251M (30 May 2013); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2015551
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