4 June 2013 Micro and nano devices in passive millimetre wave imaging systems
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The impact of micro and nano technology on millimetre wave imaging from the post war years to the present day is reviewed. In the 1950s whisker contacted diodes in mixers and vacuum tubes were used to realise both radiometers and radars but required considerable skill to realise the performance needed. Development of planar semiconductor devices such as Gunn and Schottky diodes revolutionised mixer performance and provided considerable improvement. The next major breakthrough was high frequency transistors based on gallium arsenide which were initially used at intermediate frequencies but later after further development at millimeter wave frequencies. More recently Monolithic Microwave Integrated circuits(MMICs) offer exceptional performance and the opportunity for innovative design in passive imaging systems. In the future the use of micro and nano technology will continue to drive system performance and we can expect to see integration of antennae, millimetre wave and sub millimetre wave circuits and signal processing.
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R. Appleby, R. Appleby, "Micro and nano devices in passive millimetre wave imaging systems", Proc. SPIE 8725, Micro- and Nanotechnology Sensors, Systems, and Applications V, 872524 (4 June 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2015674; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2015674

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