29 May 2013 Effects of incomplete light extinction in frequency-agile, rapid scanning spectroscopy
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The effect of finite beam extinction ratio on the precision and accuracy of cavity ring-down decay time constant measurements was examined using the frequency-agile, rapid scanning, cavity ring-down spectroscopy (FARS-CRDS) technique. This new approach to CRDS uses a waveguide-based electro-optic phase modulator (EOM) to provide a laser beam extinction ratio as high as 80 dB: a value that is ≈30 dB greater than that typically achieved with acousto-optic-modulator- based beam switches. We find that the observed measurement precision scales inversely with extinction ratio, such that an EOM enables measurement of the cavity ring-down decay time with a relative precision of ≈8×10-5. We demonstrate that insufficient extinction can be the dominant cause of statistical uncertainty for extinction ratios below 60 dB. Furthermore, insufficient extinction can result in non-exponential decays, which cause systematic measurement biases in cavity losses and absorption.
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D. A. Long, D. A. Long, S. Wójtewicz, S. Wójtewicz, J. T. Hodges, J. T. Hodges, "Effects of incomplete light extinction in frequency-agile, rapid scanning spectroscopy", Proc. SPIE 8726, Next-Generation Spectroscopic Technologies VI, 87260O (29 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2016056; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2016056

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