18 May 2013 The remarkable success of adaptive cosine estimator in hyperspectral target detection
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Abstract
A challenging problem of major importance in hyperspectral imaging applications is the detection of subpixel targets of military and civilian interest. The background clutter surrounding the target, acts as an interference source that simultaneously distorts the target spectrum and reduces its strength. Two additional limiting factors are the spectral variability of the background clutter and the spectral variability of the target. Since a result in applied statistics is only as reliable as the assumptions from which it is derived, it is important to investigate whether the basic assumptions used for the derivation of matched filter and adaptive cosine estimator algorithms are a reasonable description of the physical situation. Careful examination of the linear signal model used to derive these algorithms and the replacement signal model, which is a more realistic model for subpixel targets, reveals a serious discrepancy between modeling assumptions and the physical world. Despite this discrepancy and additional mismatches between assumed and actual signal and clutter models, the adaptive cosine estimator shows an amazing effectiveness in practical target detection applications. The objective of this paper is an attempt to explain this unbelievable effectiveness using a combination of classical statistical detection theory, geometrical interpretations, and a novel realistic performance prediction model for the adaptive cosine estimator.
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D. Manolakis, D. Manolakis, M. Pieper, M. Pieper, E. Truslow, E. Truslow, T. Cooley, T. Cooley, M. Brueggeman, M. Brueggeman, S. Lipson, S. Lipson, } "The remarkable success of adaptive cosine estimator in hyperspectral target detection", Proc. SPIE 8743, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XIX, 874302 (18 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2015392; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2015392
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