18 May 2013 Target detection performed on manifold approximations recovered from hyperspectral data
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Abstract
In high dimensional data, manifold learning seeks to identify the embedded lower-dimensional, non-linear mani- fold upon which the data lie. This is particularly useful in hyperspectral imagery where inherently m-dimensional data is often sparsely distributed throughout the d-dimensional spectral space, with m << d. By recovering the manifold, inherent structures and relationships within the data – which are not typically apparent otherwise – may be identified and exploited. The sparsity of data within the spectral space can prove challenging for many types of analysis, and in particular with target detection. In this paper, we propose using manifold recovery as a preprocessing step for spectral target detection algorithms. A graph structure is first built upon the data and the transformation into the manifold space is based upon that graph structure. Then, the Adaptive Co- sine/Coherence Estimator (ACE) algorithm is applied. We present an analysis of target detection performance in the manifold space using scene-derived target spectra from two different hyperspectral images.
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Amanda K. Ziemann, Amanda K. Ziemann, David W. Messinger, David W. Messinger, James A. Albano, James A. Albano, "Target detection performed on manifold approximations recovered from hyperspectral data", Proc. SPIE 8743, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XIX, 874319 (18 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2015780; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2015780
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