18 May 2013 Accurate accommodation of scan-mirror distortion in the registration of hyperspectral image cubes
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Abstract
To improve the spatial sampling of scanning hyperspectral cameras, it is often necessary to capture numerous overlapping image cubes and later mosaic them to form the overall image cube. For hyperspectral camera systems having broad-area coverage, whisk-broom scanning using an external mirror is often employed. Creating the final image cube mosaic requires sub-pixel correction of the scan-mirror distortion, as well as alignment of the individual image cubes. For systems lacking geo-positional information that relates sensor to scene, alignment of the image scans is nontrivial. Here we present a novel algorithm that removes scan distortion and aligns hyperspectral image cubes based on correlation of the cubes’ image content with a reference image.

The algorithm is able to provide robust results by recognizing that the cubes’ image content will not always match identically with that of the reference image. For example, in cultural heritage applications, the reference color image of the finished painting need not match the under-painting seen in the SWIR. Our approach is to identify a corresponding set of points between the cubes and the reference image, using a subset of wavelet scales, and then filtering out matches that are inconsistent with a map of the distortion. The filtering is performed by removing points iteratively according to their proximity to a function fit to their disparity (distance between the matched points). Our method will be demonstrated and our results validated using hyperspectral image cubes (976-1680 nm) and visible reference images from the fields of remote sensing and cultural heritage preservation.
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Damon M. Conover, John K. Delaney, Murray H. Loew, "Accurate accommodation of scan-mirror distortion in the registration of hyperspectral image cubes", Proc. SPIE 8743, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery XIX, 87431S (18 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2016567; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2016567
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