20 May 2013 Unsupervised pedestrian detection using support vector data description
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Abstract
In this paper, an unsupervised pedestrian detection algorithm is proposed. An input image is first divided into overlapping detection windows in a sliding fashion and Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOG) features are collected over each window using non-overlapping cells. A distance metric is used to determine the distance between histograms of corresponding cells in each detection window and the average pedestrian HOG template (determined a priori). These distances over a group of cells are concatenated to obtain the feature vector pertaining to a block of cells. The feature vectors over overlapping blocks of cells are concatenated to form the distance feature vector of a detection window. Each window provides a data sample and the data samples extracted from the whole image are then modeled as a normalcy class using Support Vector Data Description (SVDD). The benefit of using the state-of-the-art SVDD technique to model the normalcy class is that it can be controlled by setting an upper limit on the permissible outliers during the modeling process. Assuming that most of the image is covered by background, the outliers that are detected during the modeling of the normalcy class can be hypothesized as detection windows that contain pedestrians in them. The detections are obtained at different scales in order to account for the different sizes of pedestrians. The final pedestrian detections are generated by applying non-maximal suppression on all the detections at all scales. The system is tested on the INRIA pedestrian dataset and its performance analyzed with respect to accuracy and detection rate.
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Prudhvi Gurram, Shuowen Hu, Chris Reale, Alex Chan, "Unsupervised pedestrian detection using support vector data description", Proc. SPIE 8744, Automatic Target Recognition XXIII, 874405 (20 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2015398; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2015398
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