28 May 2013 The uncertainty principle and entangled correlations in quantum key distribution protocols
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Abstract
Considerations of non-locality and correlation measures provide insights to Quantum Mechanics. Nonphysical states are shown to exceed limits of QM in both respects and yet conform to relativity’s ‘nosignaling’ constraint. Recent work has shown that the Uncertainty Principle limits non-locality to distinguish models that exceed those of QM. Accordingly, the Uncertainty Principle is shown to limit correlation strength independently of non-locality, extending interpretation of the prior work, and to underlie the security of Quantum Key Distribution. The established Ekert protocol[6] is compared with more secure variations, in particular H. Yuen's Keyed Communication in Quantum Noise (KCQ) [7] and a new Time-Gating protocol which minimizes authentication and susceptibility to active eavesdropping.
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Reinhard Erdmann, David Hughes, Richard Michalak, Paul Cook, John Malowicki, "The uncertainty principle and entangled correlations in quantum key distribution protocols", Proc. SPIE 8749, Quantum Information and Computation XI, 874906 (28 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2016182; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2016182
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