29 May 2013 Adaptive sparse signal processing of on-orbit lightning data using learned dictionaries
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Abstract
For the past two decades, there has been an ongoing research effort at Los Alamos National Laboratory to learn more about the Earth’s radiofrequency (RF) background utilizing satellite-based RF observations of terrestrial lightning. The Fast On-orbit Recording of Transient Events (FORTE) satellite provided a rich RF lighting database, comprising of five years of data recorded from its two RF payloads. While some classification work has been done previously on the FORTE RF database, application of modern pattern recognition techniques may advance lightning research in the scientific community and potentially improve on-orbit processing and event discrimination capabilities for future satellite payloads. We now develop and implement new event classification capability on the FORTE database using state-of-the-art adaptive signal processing combined with compressive sensing and machine learning techniques. The focus of our work is improved feature extraction using sparse representations in learned dictionaries. Conventional localized data representations for RF transients using analytical dictionaries, such as a short-time Fourier basis or wavelets, can be suitable for analyzing some types of signals, but not others. Instead, we learn RF dictionaries directly from data, without relying on analytical constraints or additional knowledge about the signal characteristics, using several established machine learning algorithms. Sparse classification features are extracted via matching pursuit search over the learned dictionaries, and used in conjunction with a statistical classifier to distinguish between lightning types. We present preliminary results of our work and discuss classification scenarios and future development.
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Daniela I. Moody, David A. Smith, Timothy D. Hamlin, Tess E. Light, David M. Suszcynsky, "Adaptive sparse signal processing of on-orbit lightning data using learned dictionaries", Proc. SPIE 8750, Independent Component Analyses, Compressive Sampling, Wavelets, Neural Net, Biosystems, and Nanoengineering XI, 87500H (29 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2016160; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2016160
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