28 January 2013 Improved efficiency and enhanced slow light performance in photonic crystal waveguides using rectangular unit cells
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Proceedings Volume 8760, International Conference on Communication and Electronics System Design; 87602B (2013) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2012497
Event: International Conference on Communication and Electronics System Design, 2013, Jaipur, India
Abstract
We propose and evaluate a 2-D photonic crystal waveguide with a single line defect that uses rectangular holes adjacent to waveguide, arranged in a hexagonal geometry. With an aspect ratio of 2:1 in rectangular holes, we obtained transmission efficiency of 94% which is larger than previously reported for its circular and elliptical counterpart. By controlling the single parameter of rectangular air hole, the slow light performance of the improved efficiency structure is analyzed. In the irregular waveguide, slow light is achieved with low group velocity and very low group velocity dispersion over large signal bandwidth of 23 GHz. The normalized delay bandwidth product (NDBP) for the proposed design is also measured and compared with NDBP of waveguide when instead of rectangular holes, elliptical holes is used adjacent to waveguide with same aspect ratio 2:1. Improvement in normalized delay bandwidth product is obtained for our proposed design when elliptical air holes of aspect ratio 2:1 adjacent to waveguide are replaced by rectangular holes of same aspect ratio.
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Nagesh Janrao, Nagesh Janrao, Rukhsar Zafar, Rukhsar Zafar, Sanjeev Kumar Metya, Sanjeev Kumar Metya, Vijay Janyani, Vijay Janyani, "Improved efficiency and enhanced slow light performance in photonic crystal waveguides using rectangular unit cells", Proc. SPIE 8760, International Conference on Communication and Electronics System Design, 87602B (28 January 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2012497; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2012497
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